A bibliographical revision of the possible effects of the waves used in the wireless telephony on animals is presented and its impact on wild birds is analyzed. After exposing the technical characteristics and the legal situation of this new technology, the scientific discoveries that could have interest for the study of their effects on the wild fauna are revised. Basing us on the current scientific knowledge the foregone possible consequences for the birds is commented, keeping in mind the deterioration of some ecosystems that they occupy. It is recommended to consider the electromagnetic contamination in the microwaves range like a possible factor of decline of some populations in risk, especially of the urban birds, subjected at more radiation levels. Effects on birds in rural and protected areas that have phone masts near cannot be rejected. Keeping in mind that birds are excellent bioindicators, we stick out the importance of carrying out studies that value the effects of this new type of contamination and some methodologies that could be useful for this purpose are presented.
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